The Temporal Lobe!
The temporal lobes are located in the areas around the right and left ears. Not surprisingly, they deal with sound recognition—everything from noise to music to speech. This is where the famous Broca’s area and Wernicke’s areas exist, although they are usually only relevant on the left side in most humans. Broca’s area is associated with speech reproduction (speaking skills), while Wernicke’s area is associated with speech comprehension (understanding skills). Damage to those two areas produce speech and comprehension impairments, respectively.

Again, without the PFC these skills are not very useful, so it must be stressed that the temporal lobes alone are not responsible for listening and speaking skills. The PFC and various other areas of the brain are significantly involved in the processing and development of listening and speaking skills.
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